Rainwater Harvesting

by Ken Foster

It is called “greywater” for a reason, and whether you spell it greywater or graywater obviously it is not one of those black and white solutions to water conservation. It’s, well…murky. Regardless of the spelling it’s one of the best strategies for maximizing your water economy. The new word “watergy” refers to all the energy we spend making water potable and transporting it around. In the State of California 20% of our overall energy is used for this purpose. So using greywater eases your water budget, reduces watergy, and conserves the water itself when you keep it on your site. Continue reading

by Clémence Corriveau

Water sustains and beckons us all: plants, animals, insects, and people. Yet, it can create challenges when it limits usable space or collects in the wrong location. By redirecting and reusing rainwater and by replanting to accommodate wetlands, you can turn problem garden areas into beautiful havens. Here are some examples of collecting rainwater in rain barrels and creating rain gardens and ponds to capture the treasure that water brings to the landscape. Continue reading

This article first appeared in the Summer 2005 issue of the Ecological Landscaper; Paul has provided an update for 2012.

by Paul Kwiatkowski

In this age of reckless consumption of resources and pollution without shame, conservation is vital. The numbers of individuals and businesses that embrace conservation are growing, but America is still lagging in shifting to cleaner, more efficient enterprises, such as hybrid automobiles, wind power, and green roofs. Individuals must take it upon themselves to implement conservation strategies in their neighborhoods, communities, and places of work. Continue reading

by Maureen Sundberg

Introduce water into the landscape and it brings changes in light and sound. Introduce water in the form of a natural pool, and the results are magical according to Chris Rawlings of Water House Pools. “Take something as ancient as stone and put it with something as alive and precious as water, and it’s just magical. I love creating these environments that weren’t there before, creating a new space and bringing life onto a property that didn’t have it before.” Continue reading

by Mary Flodin

ELA sponsored a series of three hands-on eco-workshops in Santa Cruz, CA, during the fall of 2011; each presented by a different local landscaper: Native Plants: The Low Tech Landscape Water Conserving Solution, Darrin Miller of Central Coast Wild; Greywater Clarified, Ken Foster of Terranova; and Rainwater Harvesting, Golden Love of Love’s Gardens. Continue reading

Interview with Suzanne Gebelein

Water is one of nature’s most abundant resources with over two-thirds of the globe covered in blue. Fresh water, however, has become an increasingly precious resource. In arid parts of the globe, fresh water falling as rain has been valued and saved for centuries. And now, traditionally water rich areas, such as New England, are feeling pressure on their water sources, due primarily to increased lawn and landscape irrigation.

One of ELA’s newest members, The Great American Rain Barrel Company, located in Hyde Park, MA, started with the goal of creating a sustainable means for harvesting and collecting water for use in the landscape. They will be talking about rain water collection and exhibiting their products at the ELA Conference & Eco-Marketplace in Springfield on March 3.

ELA: What prompted you to get started in the rain barrel business?

Great American Rain Barrel Company: Thank you for asking. We are proud of our roots in rain barrels which happen to go way back to 1989 just after my husband and I bought a food importing and packing company in East Boston. We import specialty food items from the Mediterranean in huge drums. We had just bought the business when two school teachers came to us and said they were interested in using our drums to make rain barrels modeled after those they had seen in English Gardens. Of course, we thought what a great idea and were delighted they liked our barrel.

Great American Rain Barrels

The two teachers developed a nice mail-order business, but after a few years they grew weary and came to us and asked if we wanted to buy it. It was kind of a no-brainer. We liked reusing the barrels, which could otherwise end up in landfills, and we had a big facility and distribution center so it was a nice fit with our food packing business. Thru the 90s we enjoyed a steady mail-order business recycling about 3000 shipping drums a year. When 2000 came with the Y2K panic, sales suddenly went through the roof. But the real shift came after 9/11 when people became more conscious of the environment and were finding ways to change things. This movement was fuelled even further when Al Gore published his book An Inconvenient Truth, and the green movement started to take over.

ELA: Many towns have offered rain barrels to residents at a reduced rate to reduce summer use of municipal water and to reduce the flow of contaminated water pouring down driveways and into rivers and streams. Are you involved in any community based initiatives?

GARBC: Absolutely! We have been a large player in community driven programs all over the country, with some of our earliest programs going back to around 2000 with some local Massachusetts towns. Our biggest municipal groups tend to be the Watershed groups that are trying to prevent storm water runoff that suffocates the rivers and streams such Riveraction in Davenport, Iowa and Buffalo Niagara Riverkeeper who sell thousands of barrels each year – but we have been awarded contracts throughout the country ranging in size from 20 to 3000. These programs are a great way to bring rain barrels to residents at discounted prices.

ELA: Who tends to install rain barrels? Do you have a typical client profile?

GARBC: This is a residential item, so it is a homeowner who buys and installs it. The homeowner is typically a gardener or someone who uses water outdoors or has concerns about water collecting around the foundation of their home. Other people come to us with specific uses as well, like water for their chicken coop or for their horses. They are trying to capture some of the thousands of gallons of water that splashes off their roof in the summer months for free and to prevent runoff.

ELA: Many houses have a relatively small footprint. When is it “worth it” for the owner of a small home to install a rain barrel? How much water can the average homeowner expect to collect?

GARBC: Well let’s start by saying that it is worth it to the person who uses water outdoors. That means that you are watering plants, topping off a pool, washing windows and cars. What people do not realize is how much rain water a roof actually sees. In New England we typically get about 16 inches of rain for the extended summer months (May through September). The average roof in New England is about a 2400 square foot surface. If 1000 square feet of roof collects 600 gallons for every inch of rain that means the average roof sees 1440 gallons of water. If you get 16 inches of rain, that means 23,000 gallons of water splash off your roof. That is a lot of water and can go a long way toward saving money and helping a town manage its resources. One 60 gallon barrel will feed 100 square feet of garden about one inch of water a week. If you are using that rainwater and refilling your barrel, you may be able to collect about 1000 gallons a season per barrel. It generally takes about two seasons to pay for a barrel depending on the community and the cost for water and sewer

ELA: Do you need to have rain gutters in order to collect water? Are there other options?

Rain diverter

GARBC: Yes and no. Gutters certainly do the job best and barrels fill quickly. However, most structures have someplace where the water pours off in a concentrated way. You can simply dangle a chain from that point onto a barrel lid to collect the water.

ELA: You’ve probably seen some creative barrel installations. Could you describe some of those?

GARBC: Not only have we seen creative installations but we have also heard of some creative uses for water! The most interesting of course are the complex irrigation systems using our barrel. The most that I have seen in one application is 12 linked barrels for a plant garden. The barrels were stacked on stands to create pressure and put on timers in a greenhouse.

ELA: You will be exhibiting at the ELA Conference & Eco-Marketplace on March 3. What will visitors to your booth see?

GARBC: The Great American Rain Barrel and Save the Rain Diverter collecting water! We will have live demonstrations of our collection system. Stop by to see how easy it is to collect and save rain water.